Precision Manufacturing of Super-Polished Optics Application Note
To Enable High-Power Laser Application
One of the technology engines in high value-add photonics service is in the area of high-power lasers and applications, ranging from scientific to precision material processing. High-power laser optics and precision optics applications require stringent optics quality. Such manufacturing processes put up new capabilities including materials development, polishing techniques, coating techniques as well as metrology technologies. This application note specifically describes our new capability of super-polishing.
A super-polishing capability for optics can produce extremely smooth surfaces on windows, mirrors, and other flat optics of various sizes, thicknesses, and materials. Super-polished surfaces are referring to surfaces with a roughness of less than 1nm. The whole super-polishing processing included a multi-axis spindling polishing plus a magnetic abrasive polishing, as shown in Fig. 1. After fabrication, an atomic force microscope (AFM) was used to measure the surface roughness over an area of interest, as shown in Fig. 2. The measured roughness average value is less than 5 Å.
The above-mentioned super-polishing process is applicable to various types of optical materials. Some commonly used materials and their properties are listed in Table 1.
|Material||Index (588nm)||Transmission (um)||Optical Uniformity||Stress Uniformity (nm/cm)|
|Heraeus 313||1.4586||0.185- 2.5||<10e-5||≤5|
|Corning 7980||1.4586||0.185- 2.5||–||≤5|
Applications of super-polished optics
With the new capabilities in super-polished optics, the power handling of mirrors/lenses/windows has been dramatically increased.
This extends new markets, especially in the area of:
- Cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy (CEAS)
- Ring laser gyroscope (RLG)
- Green HeNe laser for confocal microscopy and flow cytometry